Benefits from Class no.3, Hadith 8-22 (Sahih al-Bukhari Class Notes)

These are notes from a sister:
Muallaqat:
It means something which is incomplete/hanged in the middle. This is a kind of Hadith reference in which the chain is not given by Imam Bukhari in his book. This happens because of 2 reasons:
1. He has given the chain of this Hadith somewhere else in his book.
2. The hadith is not authentic according to the strict conditions of Hadith narration put by Bukhari for his Sahih.

We can find these incomplete chains in the book named “Taghleeq u Ta’leeq” written by Hafiz bin Hajar.

 
Kinds of Chapters in Sahih Bukhari:
Chapter’s name can be in question form.
Chapter can have just one Hadith.
Chapter can be without any name!

Chapters can be verses of the Qur’an

 

These are notes of a brother:

 

Book 2 – Chapter 2 – Hadith 8
·         Islam is based on five principles.
·         The order of the principles in this hadith is Shahada (testimony of faith), Salat (prayer), Zakat (charity), Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) and Saum (the fast during Ramadhan) .
·         Shahada is the central pillar.
·         Hajj was mentioned ahead of Saum in this narration, however Imam Muslim recorded the narration of Sa’d Ibn ‘Ubaydah by way of Ibn ‘Umar that mentioned Saum ahead of the Hajj.
·         Imam Muslim’s narration is reported to be more accepted.
·         This does not make Imam Bukhari’s narration less accurate. Imam Bukhari may have not heard ibn ‘Umar’s correction that “Saum is before Hajj”.
·         The Shaha da has two testimonies, first “None has the right to be worshiped but Allah” and second “Muhammad is the messenger of Allah”.
·         Imam Bukhari does not provide the full Isnad (chain) of narrators for this hadith. These hadith are called Al Mu’allaqat (something which is hanging). There are some 1800 such hadith’s in Bukhari’s book. These hadith are not included in the count of 9082.
Book 2 – Chapter 3 “Deeds of Eeman (faith)”
·         Starts with Quran Chapter 2 (Surah Al-Baqara) verse 177 and Chapter 23 (Surah Al-Mumenoon) verse 1.
·         Eeman is deeper than just prayer.
·         According to Ibn Hajar’s explanation, the correlation between the verses and the upcoming narration is that good deeds are a part of attesting to the truthfulness (of Islam) and essential to the obedience (of Allah), this is why good deeds fall under the category of Eemaan (faith).
Book 2 – Chapter 3 – Hadith 9
·         This mentions that “Faith (belief) consists of more than sixty branches  and Al Haya is a part of faith“
·         Imam Muslim,  Tirmithi, Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah recorded a narration that faith consists of more than seventy parts.
·         Imam Muslims narration is seen to be more accurate.
·         Even if a narrator has made a mistake, nothing is lost from our deen.
·         Al Haya (combination of self-respect, modesty, bashfulness and honor etc.) is that feeling in your heart that will stop you from sinning. With no Haya you will become like an animal.
·         Haya’ can be used linguistically to mean refraining from something for a specific reason
Book 2 – Chapter 4 “The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe”
·         The chapter name matches the hadith within the chapter
 
Book 2 – Chapter 4 – Hadith 10
·         According to Ibn Hajar’s explanation, the tongue was specified because it is the outlet to what is in the soul while the hand was specified because most actions are performed with it.
·         Muslims should pose the character of not harming other Muslims by words and actions.
·         A Muhajir is someone who abandons / stays away from sin.
Book 2 – Chapter 5 “Whose Islam is the best”
·         The chapter name matches the hadith within the chapter
·         Mentions a quality of a very good Muslim
Book 2 – Chapter 5 – Hadith 11
·         You are a very good Muslim if you avoid harming Muslims with words and actions.
·         Why did Prophet mention this character instead of mentioning “Salah” as a requirement to be a very good Muslim? Salah is one of the five basic pillars, and needed by every Muslims.
·         This hadith establishes the point that some of the Islamic characteristics of the Muslims are better than others.
Book 2 – Chapter 6 “Feeding people is part of Islam”
·         Mentions two qualities that a Muslim should poses
 
Book 2 – Chapter 6 – Hadith 12
·         Feeding people entails good deeds preformed with the hand
·         Greeting people entails good that is carried out by the tongue.
·         Feeding is best when you do it for the poor.
·         You should greet those you know and especially those you do not know.
 
Book 2 – Chapter 7 “Part of Eemaan is loving for one’s brother what one loves for himself”
·         The chapter name matches the hadith within the chapter
·         Mentions a quality that a Muslim should poses
 
 
Book 2 – Chapter 7 – Hadith 13
·         To have Eeman (faith) you have to love for your brother what you love for yourself.
·         The things that you should love for your brother refers to good things only.
·         According to Ibn Hajar’s explanation, this hadith aims at getting rid of peoples feeling of wanting to be better than others.  (abdulazeez says: this is in the worldly affairs, because we should be competing in the ibada)
·         The masculine word ‘brother’ encompasses brothers and sisters.
Book 2 – Chapter 8 “Love for the messenger is part of Eeman (faith)”
·         Although the love for all the Prophets is from Eemaan (faith),  here represents the specific love for Prophet Muhammad (SallahAllahu alayhi wasallam)
·         The chapter consists of two hadiths
 
Book 2 – Chapter 8 – Hadith 14
·         Muslims should love the Prophet more than anyone person.
·         This hadith signifies the permissibility of swearing (by Allah) to emphasize something of importance or significance.
·         You can swear by the name of Allah or by the attributes of Allah.
·         According to Ibn Hajar’s explanation, Prophet mentioned his father before his children due to the majority, since everyone has a father, while on the other hand many people may not have children.
·         This is another narration Imam Bukhari recorded in contrast to Imam Muslim.
·         Imam Muslims mentions children before the father, and this narration would represent the excessive compassion and affection.
·         Here the masculine word ‘father’ means both parents, mother and father.
 
Book 2 – Chapter 8 – Hadith 15
·         How do you know that a Muslim loves the prophet (SallahAllahu alayhi wasallam)than any other person? You will follow the Sunnah of the Prophet and take the prophets way over the way of any other person (your father, mother, children or Imam).
·         A Muslim will not be able to appreciate and love the Prophet until he learns about him and his ways.
·         According to Ibn Hajar’s explanation, the mention of “…his father and his children” was used pinpointing those most beloved to a person as they are (usually) more beloved to a rational person than (other) family and money.
·         Here the masculine word ‘father’ means both parents, mother and father.
 
Book 2 – Chapter 9 “Sweetness of Eeman (faith)”
·         Mentions three qualities of a Muslim with Eeman
 
Book 2 – Chapter 9 – Hadith 16
·         According to Ibn Hajar’s explanation, whoever struggles with himself to establish these characteristics will taste the sweetness of Eemaan, and the levels of the believers are divided into ranks based upon their level of fulfillment of these qualities.
·         The author (Bukhari) intended that the (feeling of) sweetness is from the benefits of Eemaan.
·         The friendships you have must be for the sake of Allah, for the goodness he/she has.
·         This hadith is repeated in Chapter 14 hadith 21.
Book 2 – Chapter 10 “Loving the Ansaar is a sign of Eeman (faith)”
·         The chapter name matches the hadith within the chapter
 
Book 2 – Chapter 10 – Hadith 17
·         Ansaar means supporter
·         According to Ibn Hajar’s explanation, it means the supporters of the messenger of Allah, referring to the tribes of Aws and Khazraj.  These two tribes were previously known as Banee Qayla, the mother of the two tribes, until the Prophet Muhammad (SallahAllahu alayhi wasallam) named them Al-Ansaar, and they became commonly known as such.
·         This great title was given to them because of the effort they put forth in accommodating the messenger of Allah.
 
Book 2 – Chapter 11
·         This chapter has no name.
Book 2 – Chapter 11 – Hadith 18
·         The narrator of this hadith, Ubada bin As-Samit took part in the battle of Badr during the month of Ramadan in 2 AH.
·         Al-Aqaba is a place near Makah.
·         Twelve Ansaar’s (10 from the tribe of Khazra and 2 from the tribe of Aws) met the Prophet secretly at night at Al-Aqaba in 621 AD. They accepted Islam and made a Bai’ah (pledge)
·         This is the Al-Aqaba Pledge
·         The Pledge consisted 6 items
·         This hadith is repeated 9 more times in Sahih Bukhari
 
Book 2 – Chapter 12 – Hadith 19
·         “Flee with his religion from Al-Fitna (trials)” means that the reason he flees from the (places of) trials is to protect his religion.
·         This Hadith is repeated in the Book of Trails.
Book 2 – Chapter 13 “The Prophet says, I am the most knowledgeable of you about Allah”
·         Imam Bukhari says knowledge is an action of the heart
·         Refers  to Quran Chapter 2 (Surah Al-Baqara) verse 225
 
Book 2 – Chapter 13 – Hadith 20
·         According to Ibn Hajar’s explanation, the prophet  instructed his followers with easy actions rather than difficult ones for fear that they would not remain consistent in performing difficult deeds
·         This is one of the narrations recorded by Bukhari which was not recorded by Muslim. This narration is not recorded anywhere with any other chain of narration, rather this is the only chain.
Book 2 – Chapter 14 “Hating to revert to disbelief as much as hating to be thrown into a fire is part of Eemaan”
·         Mentions three qualities of a Muslim with Eeman
·         Chapter name refers to one of the qualities mentioned.
 
Book 2 – Chapter 14 – Hadith 21
·         This is a repetition of Hadith 16 of Chapter 9.
 
Book 2 – Chapter 15 “The people of Eemaan are of various levels based upon their deeds.”
·         The level of Eeman is different in people
 
Book 2 – Chapter 15 – Hadith 22
·         “The weight of a mustard seed” indicates the smallest amount (of good performed after Tawheed has been established) and does not indicate actual weight of a mustard seed
·         Hayat is the river of life, outside of the paradise.
·         This hadith is repeated 6 more time (7 times in total)
·         Jannah is also has various levels and even the people at the lowest level will think they are the happiest

 

Posted in Hadeeth, Sahih al-Bukhari

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