Benefits from Hadith 23-39 (Sahih al-Bukhari Class Notes)

Benefits from class no.4, submitted by a brother and a sister (may Allaah reward them with good):

• Islam is more than just faith – believing in God is not enough
If belief was sufficient, than the likes of Satan and Pharoah would be believers for they never denied the existence of Allah

Chapter 18
Iman is comprised of:
o Statement of the Tongue
o Belief of the Heart
o Actions of the Limbs
• Iman increases and decreases

Chapter 19
•There is a difference between being a muslim and a mu’min
•Nobody’s actions (including that of the prophet • Islam is more than just faith – believing is not enough
o If belief was sufficient, than the likes of Satan and Pharoah would be believers for they never denied the existence of Allah SWT and his messenger

Chapter 18
• Iman is comprised of:
o Statement of the Tongue
o Belief of the Heart
o Actions of the Limbs
• Iman is an action (of faith)

Chapter 19
• There is a difference between being a muslim and a mu’min
• Nobody’s actions (including that of the prophet) is worthy of jannah and it is only through the mercy of Allah that one can enter paradise, but through good actions; we attain Allah’s Mercy
• The first person to accept Islam was a women (Kadijah , the prophet’s wife)
• When muslims used to enter into battle, they would ensure that there were no muslims in the village, and prior to entering an area, they would call the Non-Muslims to Islam and give them the opportunity to submit.

Hadith 23
– hadith is in Book of Faith because it mentions the degrees of faith, could also be considered a proof of degrees of faith, Umar bin Al-Khattab’s(radi Allahu anhu) shirt in Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri’s (radi Allahu anhu) dream was very long, while others had varying lengths of shirts
– demonstrates the excellence of Umar bin Al-Khattab(radi Allahu anhu)
– when you have good dreams, have to be interpreted, but only specific people are given the gift of interpretation and can do it for you
– you should only tell your good dreams to the people you love and trust, as they will want the best for you, others may only envy you, and may cause you harm

Hadith 24.
– do not admonish someone for something good about themselves, they may stop doing it, and you would be responsible for this, which may cause you and the other person great harm
– eg. If you reduce someone’s Al-Haya’, you will reduce their faith, and that may reduce yours in turn
– the importance of enjoining good and forbidding evil is shown in this hadith, the Prophet(SallahAllaahu alayhi wasallam), told the Ansari man to stop what he was doing, and then showed approval of the other man’s Al-Haya’ with his statement

From the heading of Chapter 17 of the Book of Belief, (V. 9:5 Quran), is the message from Allah that if people repent and accept Islam, then do not harm them(whoever they may be, even your greatest enemy)

Hadith 25.
– you should strive against people until they accept Islam, except those with whom you have a truce
– the Prophet’s(SallahAllaahu alayhi wasallam) job was to convey the message to people, not to force them.
A lesson for all of us, Muslim and Non, that Islam was not revealed to harm, but to insure that people worship Allah alone

From the heading of Chapter 18 of the Book of Belief, Imaan is actions
Hadith 26.
– from sweetness of Bukhari, we learn the tafsir of ayaahs
– Narrated Abu Hurairah(radi Allahu anhu), Allah’s Messenger(SallahAllaahu alayhi wasallam) was asked, “What is the best deed?”, He replied, “To believe in Allah and His Messenger.”, this is not an actual action (it is a belief and a statement), but it proves that deeds go with belief

V.49:14 Quran) – proof for those who accepted Islam from fear that it is not accepted by Allah, and for those who would bully or pressure others into accepting Islam, this is not the way to give Da’wah

Hadith 27.
– Naturally, humans are drawn to somebody who gives them something (wealth), therefore the Prophet pbuh would “win” over some of the people and draw them closer to Islam by giving them wealth.
– Give to those who will benefit most from your wealth.
– whenever someone has something to give, you cannot force the person to give it to you, this might also be considered a part of good manners
– some people may not be deserving of the gift, they may not be mumineen
– sometimes giving to someone might harm the person, or the growth of their Imaan
– your intentions are more important than what people perceive about you and your deeds
– having less of the Dunia is better than having more of it
– everything the Prophet(SallahAllaahu alayhi wasallam) did was related, even if it could be misinterpreted to be held against him

After Chap. 20 heading:

– from hadith related by ‘Ammar, “To treat others as one likes to be treated by others.” – to be a critic of yourself is the first step to Jannah, understanding and appreciation of yourself allows you to do the same of and to others

From Chap. 21 heading, “And disbelief is of (different grades) lesser (or greater) degrees.” – some sins in Islam are from Kufr(minor), which will not take you out of Islam, but may lead you to major Kufr, and Kufr(Major) is disbelief in Allah and will take you out of the religion

Chapter 21 – Kufr
• Name of the chapter – the name of this chapter is a hadith itself and is written in this manner as a mu’alak ( معلق) because although it doesn’t meet all of Sahih’s conditions for a hadith, he still wants to convey it, but also wants it to be known that he didn’t make up this hadith or get it from an unreliable source.
• Kufr means “to cover” or “ungratefulness”
• “To be ungrateful to one’s husband” in this hadith refers to kufr towards one’s spouse
• Not all kufr takes you out of Islam (كفر دون كفر)

• There are two types of kufr:
o Major kufr/shirk
o Minor kufr/shirk

• Jahiliyah in Sharia’a means the era pre-Islam

Hadith 29
– being ungrateful to your husband is Kufr(minor)

From Chap. 22 heading, “Sins are from ignorance”, – increasing ones knowledge can lead to a decrease in your sins
Hadith 30
– abusing others is from the characteristics of ignorance and not from good manners
– do not ask others to do things beyond their capacity, and if you do, then you must help them

From Chap. before Hadith 31 – proof from Allah, V.49:9, that if two parties among the believers fight, it is Kufr, but does not take you out of Islam
Hadith 31
– some of the major Sahaba stayed away from the fight between Ali(radi Allahu anhu) and Mu’awiya(radi Allahu anhu), whenever there is fight to the death between believers, it is best to stay as far away as possible, because you may become involved in the fight and cause yourself and possibly others to go to Jahannum
– intentions will save or damn you

Hadith 32
– Shirk and Kufr are sometimes referred to as dhulm, (as are all sins)
– sometimes extremists can use this type of hadith to justify the killing of Muslims when they do not understand it, an example of how increased knowledge would lead to a decrease in sins
– The “khawarij” (who are a group of extremists) are the dogs of hellfire

Hadith 33.
There are three types of people in this world:
1. The muslim
2. The non-believer
3. The one who hides kufr (a.k.a. a hypocrite)
 The hypocrite is the worst of them all because he tries to fool others of who he is and can cause harm to the image of Islam

Chapter 24
• Munafiqun (hypocrites) are worse than kufar and will be in the lowest level of the hellfire
• A person can be a hypocrite in his actions and not in his belief.

Hadith 34.
– not everything that is hypocritical is Kufr or will take you out of Islam
– whoever has one of the characteristics of a hypocrite can still be a Muslim
– al-kufr al-’amali is disbelief of actions, does not take you out of Islam, but could lead you to major Kufr, eg. reviling the geneology, wailing over the dead, fighting a Muslim, entering a woman through her anus, ruling by other than what Allaah has revealed and similar affairs.

Hadith 35 and 37
– these hadiths are proofs that actions of limbs are a part of faith

Hadith 39
– The Prophet(SallahAllaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Religion is very easy”, do whatever you can to the best of your ability
– because of its perfection, and Allah’s mercy, Islam has many rukhsas(allowances) for us, everything in Islam has been made easy for us to do, this shows the absolute beauty of our religion and the mercy of Allah upon the believers, think deeply about this
– The Prophet(SallahAllaahu alayhi wasallam)said, “…and gain strength by using the best times in the mornings, afternoons, and during the last hours of the nights.”, use the times when you are energetic perform salaat, learn ilm, memorize Quran, etc.
– if you follow any way other than Islam, you will become lost, for Allah has perfected our religion for us, simply look around you, and renew your love and faith by appreciating what Allah has given us.
– Islam is about moderation, and the only way to be moderate is to learn the knowledge of the Qur’an & the Sunnah

Posted in Hadeeth, Sahih al-Bukhari

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